The Natural Sciences Section is situated in Monument Park. The building belonging to the institution comprises: a permanent exhibition room, a temporary exhibition room, a room with aquaria containing exotic fishes and a conservation-restoration laboratory.
Following a local initiative, through the Royal Decree given by King Carol on the 23rd August 1881, the Scientific Museum from Braila was founded. It comprised some private collections from the field of natural sciences. Unfortunately the lack of specialists to preserve and enrich these collections led to the closure of the Scientific Museum in a short while. The exhibits were stored in the didactic storage of ‘Nicolae Balcescu’ National College from Braila.
In 1964 the Section of Natural Sciences is opened as another cultural addition to the other sections of Braila Museum. The local authorities of that period decided the old restaurant building from Monument Park should be the premises of the new Section.
The first specialist in museography of this department was Virginia Naniu (1964-1972). The first collections and the main exhibition of the section are organized during this period. In the exhibition, which included items from Cociorva collection, different plants and animals were presented under the form of dioramas.
In 1973, Michaela Cristiana Popescu (1973-1990) was hired as a museum biologist for the Section of Natural Sciences. The majority of the collections are enlarged not only by the acquisition of items, but also through field research. Thus, there came into being the Collections of botany (Horeanu Collection), of malacology (Grossu Collection), of entomology (Pein and Weber Collections), each numbering in its turn some thousands of items while the collections of ornithology, mammalogy and geology comprised a lesser number of exemplaries.
The main exhibition displaying aspects from fauna and flora of Braila region was completed under its present from by a team of specialists in museography gathered from all over the country and co-ordinated by Michaela Cristiana Candea (Popescu).
During this year as well ‘Nicolae Balcescu’ Secondary School (now ‘Nicolae Balcescu’ National College) donates all the pieces from the old collections found in the didactic store room to the Section of Natural Sciences. Unfortunately the majority of the items were in an advanced stage of degradation and thus only a very small number of them could be re-introduced into the heritage circuit.
Between 1988 and 1989 the first project to modernize the section and to make a Botanical Garden in Braila was put forward. The political changes and the revolution from 1990 stopped the project from coming into being.
Vasilica David, a new biologist specialist in museography is hired (1990-1995). The old collections are completed with new heritage items and the auxiliary space of the section is enlarged.
A new stage in the re-organisation of the section, not only on an administrative level but also on a cultural and scientific one is started and co-ordinated by the biologist, specialist in museography, Nicolae Onea (1995-present). The second project for the modernization of the Section and the making of a Botanical Garden in Monument Park was conceived. The steps taken for its approval by the local authorities received no feedback from these ones. The number of the specialist staff increased (Marius Vernescu – conservationist, 1996 to present; specialists in museography: Daniel Stanescu 1997-1998; Costica Adam, 1999-2002; Michaela Cristiana Candea, 2002 – 2009) as well as the auxiliary staff (room curator, surveillance and security people). At present the section has 8 employees.
A room for temporary exhibitions is made through the reorganization of the space inside the building. The temporary exhibitions display items from the Collections of the section or from the heritage of other specialist museums in the country.
A space reserved to storage is reorganized, modernized and transformed into a conservation-restoration and taxidermy laboratory.
On the occasion of the celebration of 120 years from the foundation of the Scientific Museum, a room with aquaria for exotic fishes is opened in this Section.
A project is made to modernize and enlarge the exhibition space. It is presented to the museum management but it cannot be put into practice because of the lack of funds
All these activities of research, collecting and enhancement of exhibits which were developed and continued in the Natural Sciences Section by specialists in museography who worked in here, from its foundation to present, led to the gathering of a valuable cultural heritage and to the elaboration of some research topics of a great scientific importance.