In 1955, no archaeological exhibit existed in the museum collections and two discoveries only were known in Braila County, both of them made by chance: the Scythian cauldron from Scortaru Vechi and a fragment of a Neolithic vessel from Nazaru (Silistea). A series of observations and archaeological discoveries were mentioned in the well-known ‘Densusianu Questionnaire’, but the manuscript, still unpublished, was in the Romanian Academy Library.
Some surface archaeological research was conducted in Nazaru, in 1932, by I. Nestor, and in Sutesti by R. Vulpe.
Today, the museum heritage comprises over 15,000 items, and the archaeological index of Braila County includes over 60 places with nearly 100 discoveries (archaeological sites, tombs, treasures and single discoveries).
Although the first museum in Braila appeared by the Royal Decree no. 2134/23 August 1881, the foundation of the Archaeology Department was not laid until the 2nd June 1955 when a ‘re-founding’ of the institution took place.
These accomplishments are, nearly exclusively, the result of the activity of those archaeologists who worked or are still working at Braila Museum for nearly 50 years.
The founder of the Archaeology Section and, at the same time, the re-founder of Braila Museum in 1955 was Nicolae Hartuche. A passionate archaeologist, Dr N. Hartuche conducted diggings in Braila District and then in Braila County, for an approximate period of 35 years, with outstanding results, not only in enriching the museum heritage, but also in the introduction of the discoveries into the scientific circulation.
Starting with 1956, Florian Anastasiu, an archaeologist by profession as well, led the institution as a director for approximately three decades and together with N. Hartuche brought outstanding contributions to the knowledge of the ancient history of Braila region.
Between 1968 and 1974, Liviu Mihailescu as well worked as an archaeologist to become more interested in ethnography and folk art, the foundation of this section being laid by him.
In 1975 Ionel Candea and Valeriu Sarbu came to work in Braila Museum where they are employed to this day.
Stanica Pandrea (from 1989), Mirela Vernescu (from 1997), Niculina Dinu (from 2002), Viorel Stoian (from 2004) and Costin Croitoru (from 2008) are also part of the team of archaeologists.